By Dr. Steven Abrams, DMD
December 23, 2020
Category: Oral Health
Tags: Gum Disease  

Are you alert to signs of gum disease? Periodontal problems impact the oral and systemic health of almost 48 percent of Americans 30 years older on up, reports the CDC. Our Budd Lake, NJ family dentist, Dr. Steven Abrams, wants you well-informed so your smile--and your overall health--thrives.

What is gum disease?

Gum disease is an infection of the soft tissues which support your teeth. How does it happen? Basically, oral bacteria multiply in plaque and tartar in interdental spaces and at the gum line. These Strep microbes overrun the gums and--left untreated--the underlying connective tissue and bone.

Like all illnesses, symptoms of periodontal infection start small. In fact, gingivitis, the mildest and earliest form of gum disease, causes minor symptoms. However, these can escalate quickly, and everyone should know what to watch for.

In his Budd Lake, NJ area office, your family dentist recognizes these signs of early gum problems:

  • Bleeding gums, particularly when brushing, flossing or getting a hygienic cleaning at the dental office
  • Sore, receding gums
  • Bad breath

More advanced stages of gum disease (periodontitis) exhibit these concerning signs:

  • Gaps between teeth
  • Sores, or fistulas, on the gums
  • Shifting dental bite
  • Pockets between the teeth and gums which measure deeper than three millimeters
  • Pus between teeth
  • Loose teeth

The American Academy of Periodontology (AAP) reports that the inflammation associated with periodontitis impacts your entire body. It appears linked to serious health conditions such as diabetes, hypertension and osteoporosis. In other words, unhealthy gum tissue makes you sick.

Treating and preventing gum disease

Along with recognizing the signs of early gum disease, Dr. Abrams wants you to know that gum disease can be prevented. Consistent brushing and flossing to control deposits of plaque and tartar are key to oral health maintenance. However, these preventives also help:

  • Seeing your family dentist twice a year for a professional dental cleaning and exam
  • Stopping all tobacco--both smokeless tobacco and cigarettes
  • Enjoying a high fiber diet and drinking several glasses of water each day
  • Understanding that gum problems often run in families (the AAP says to understand your risk)

Dr. Abrams treats gum disease with deep hygienic cleanings and root planing to remove long-standing deposits of plaque and tartar. He may add antimicrobial medication below the gum line, and set a schedule of periodontal maintenance. Advanced periodontitis may require gum grafting or other interventions to restore oral health and prevent tooth loss.

A vibrant smile

It starts with your gum tissue. Please work with your family dentist in maintaining your periodontal health. Phone Dr. Steven Abrams in Budd Lake, NJ, for a check-up and hygienic cleaning: (973) 691-8200.

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